Utilitarianism, By John Stuart Mill Essay

1848 Words Jun 17th, 2016 8 Pages
utilitarianism as well as autonomy, it is evident that the policy should be upheld stating the DPOA’s ability to withdraw life support. Utilitarianism, founded by John Stuart Mill, states that actions are good or bad in relation to the end or outcome. Furthermore, actions are right if they produce happiness and wrong as they produce the reverse of happiness. The aspect of happiness is an umbrella term, which includes pleasure and the absence of pain (Burkhardt., & Nathaniel., 2014). Ultimately, utilitarianism supports the policy allowing a DPOA to withdraw life support because of the ability to prevent further pain. “For a patient who is no longer capable of intellectual pursuits (pleasure), and physically suffers (pain), Mill would state that the withdrawal of treatment to end the patient’s life would maximize happiness and minimize pain (James, 2013, p.3).” With the knowledge of how various forms of life support can inadvertently cause suffering, it is clear that the capability to withdraw life support is favored by the ethical framework of utilitarianism. In addition, withdraw of life support is supported by utilitarianism because suffering can also be experienced by the families of their elderly loved one who is on life support. Since they are watching their suffering loved one being kept alive by machines, they often feel emotional pain. If they are the DPOA, it would be beneficial to them, as well as their loved one to withdraw life support under the support of…

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