Types Of Malignant Tumor : A Form Of Cancer Essay

1211 Words Aug 4th, 2016 null Page
Multiple myeloma is a form of cancer that is caused by the formation of abnormal plasma cells, which become malignant. Plasma cells arise from B lymphocytes that are formed in the bone marrow; specifically the lymph nodes and spleen. When a foreign particle enters the body the immune system triggers an immune response which triggers B cells to produce plasma cells. The plasma cells make immunoglobulins. Immunoglobulins are antibodies that attaches themself to the target antigen in order for neutralization or destruction to occur, which will prevent the risk of an infection or disease. When the plasma cells become malignant, they chaotically increase and produce tumors called plasmacytoma. Plasmacytoma are solid masses of neoplastic monoclonal plasma cells ordinarily developed in the bone and are seldom found in other tissues. There are two names for the 2 types of malignant tumor: a single plasma tumor is called an isolated plasmacytoma and numerous amounts of plasmacytoma are called multiple myeloma. Myeloma cells produce antibodies called monoclonal protein, which build up in the blood and urine. A buildup of monoclonal protein the blood and urine, may damage the kidneys and organs. Myeloma regularly causes bone damage such as painful fractures or bone breakage. This type of cancer is the fourteenth leading cause of cancer deaths and it is the third most common blood based cancer in the United States. The American Cancer Society predicts that there will be an estimate of…

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