Write An Essay On Mycobacterium Tuberculosis

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Tuberculosis is an infection in the lungs caused by a bacteria called mycobacterium tuberculosis. It is a contagious infection that begins in the lungs and can rapidly pass any organ of the body often affecting the kidneys, brain, bones and traveling via the lymph nodes and bloodstream. Tuberculosis which is abbreviated as TB is known to be one of the oldest disease among humans and today is one of the leading causes other infection and death in adults according to the World Health Organization (WHO, 2016) about one-third of the world’s population is suffering from this disease at present even though there is alive continued vaccine BCG, which stimulates the body’s immune response against the organism. There is still a high morbidity rate …show more content…
Approximately every second, there is one new infection. Every day, 5000 people die of tuberculosis. One in three people has been infected by tuberculosis. Every year 120.000 people become sick with tuberculosis in Russia. Every 25 minutes someone in Russia dies from tuberculosis. In Russia the mortality rate from tuberculosis is five to eight times compared to Europe. An untreated person with active tuberculosis will infect 10 to 15 people a year. In Russia tuberculosis has been called “Evil dryness”. In Europe when an epidemic broke out in the 18th century, it was called “White …show more content…
Sputum analysis is the most direct way to confirm a diagnosis. At the first sign of illness contact the doctor. Tuberculosis can be cured if it is detected in time. Those who receive a full course of treatment in time may recover completely. Others with pulmonary tuberculosis may still infect others after starting intensive treatment. Two to three months of treatment reduces the risk of infecting others. It is very important to complete the whole course of treatment without interruptions. Patients may also be prescribed breathing exercises, physical therapy and immune-boosting supplements. Without timely treatment, every second active TB case results in death after one to two years. BCG vaccination for new-borns within the first three days of life and again for children at

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