Theories Of Operant And Classical Conditioning Essay

1299 Words Nov 1st, 2014 6 Pages
In my paper I am going to explain the theories of operant and classical conditioning. Classical and operant conditioning are two main types of associative learning. Associative learning happens when we form associations or connections, among stimuli and behaviors. Associative learning helps us to foresee the future based on past experience and has survival advantages. For instance, if B happens, then C is more than likely to follow. There are also many other types of associative learning such as, non-associative and observational learning. Ivan Pavlov and B.F. Skinner were the two behavioral psychologists that developed the ideas of classical and operant conditioning.
Classical conditioning is a learning process that occurs through associations between an environmental stimulus and a naturally occurring stimulus. Classical conditioning starts with a type of reflex. For instance, if a child gets bit by a dog for the first time, and happens to be afraid of them, the child will form a connection between seeing dogs and being frightened by the dog. Classical conditioning also forms associations between pairs of of stimuli that occur sequentially in time.
Classical conditioning can sometimes also be known as respondent conditioning. As I explained earlier, the Russian scientists Ivan Pavlov created the idea of classical conditioning. Ivan originally studied the digestion in dogs, but changed his focus to the study of learning when he noticed the dogs salivated in…

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