Theme Of Gothic Elements In Jekyll And Hyde

Jekyll and Hyde story is considered as a Gothic novel because of its strange and mysterious theme that evidently presented by the sign of supernatural along the story. The definition of gothic is pertaining to a style of literature characterized by a gloomy setting, grotesque, mysterious, or violent events, and an atmosphere of degeneration and decay (Oxford Dictionary, 2009). In this story, it discusses about the oddities investigation of Hyde’s strange incident since the first chapter. It illustrates many changing tones and moods about gothic in the story, such as contrast of the events and settings. Along the story, it contains about scientific experiment, but the transformation is mainly caused by demonic influence. Science is also represent …show more content…
This kind of contract with devil is also happened in Faust and Dorian Gray stories (Dorian Gray Lecture Note 1). Nevertheless, the devil also asked for cost. Therefore, Jekyll needs to kill himself to vanish Hyde’s track in reality (J&H). Thus, this essay will examine that Gothic elements are featured in the Story of the Door and The Carew Murder Case chapters, as fundamental characteristic in the alteration of tones and moods of Jekyll and Hyde story.

To begin with, the first chapter of Jekyll and Hyde “Story of the Door” represents strong elements of gothic changing moods and tones. The first obvious characteristic in this part is “It chanced on one of these rambles that their way led them down a by-street in a busy quarter of London. The street was small and what is called quiet, but it drove a thriving trade on the weekdays” (J&H). The former quotation gives the sense of horror immediately because at first, Enfield and Utterson just enjoy their Sunday walk in peaceful mind. This emphasise that gothic elements strongly affect the changing tones in the story since after Enfield start to tell the story about Hyde, the tones of the story is changed from harmonious to tension.
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Since the two chapter that discussed above, "Story of the Door" and "The Carew Murder Case" contain a complexity of events with mystical value. It is obvious that Stevenson bring a connection between chapter by chapter that evidently appear as the similar incidents in it to stress more about gothic. This repetition may bring a double power to affirm the theme of Jekyll and Hyde story. Also, it can give comparison between two separate incident that happen in the same person in different timing resulting a similar outcome that certainly suggest that the gothic setting really the main effect to change the moods and tones of the story. As the readers go further, they may realize that the whole story accommodates mysterious tones because the story cannot give certainty to the readers about narrative continuation. Instead, it goes unpredictably strange so that the readers feel creepy and reflect it as a gothic horror

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