The 's Philosophy Of The World With His Early 18th Century Essay

1410 Words Apr 16th, 2015 6 Pages
Gottfried Wilhelm Von Leibniz shook the world with his early 18th century essay entitled Monadology. This essay revolves around one key philosophical concept; if the deity is truly perfect, then the universe that the deity created is a reflection of its perfection. In conclusion, whatever happens is for the better in the plan of the deity. This philosophical concept is still widely accepted today, especially among religious groups. Despite being part of the Enlightenment, Voltaire attacks the optimistic philosophy of Enlightenment thinkers in Candide. He does this by using symbolism, characterization, philosophy, themes, and hyperbole to develop a satirical piece that contradicts, not only, Enlightenment philosophy, but Leibniz`s philosophy more specifically. Symbolism is used in this novel as an indirect way for Voltaire to reject Leibniz`s philosophy. One prominent symbol is the protagonist`s professor, Pangloss, represents Leibniz`s ideology of pure optimism. This is first shown by Pangloss`s disregard for the maliciousness of his syphilis, “Not at all. . . it was a thing unavoidable, a necessary ingredient in the best of worlds; for if Columbus had not in an island of America caught this disease. . . we should have neither chocolate nor cochineal” (8). In this quote, Voltaire is making a joke out of Pangloss`s optimism because the character is taking the situation, which is fatal, more lighthearted than anyone in real life would. Another symbol is the earthquake in…

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