The Welfare State And Its Development Essay example

1776 Words Dec 22nd, 2016 8 Pages
This essay will firstly aim to describe and discuss the term welfare state and its development. Secondly it will explain the content whist evaluating the purpose of the 1834 Poor Law Amendment Act and the Liberal Reforms effect on society. Finally, it will explain the main points of the Beveridge Report, its five giants and evaluate their significant.

The welfare state is an established system that supports all citizens of society and protects the vulnerable with financial and social difficulties. This is supported by the Oxfords dictionary (2016) definition; ‘a system whereby the state undertakes to protect the health and well-being of its citizens, especially those in financial or social need, by means of grants, pensions, and other benefits’. The welfare state is a political system based on the premise that government has the responsibility for the wellbeing of its citizens. It is required to provide; a minimum standard of living, free education, medical care, benefits and unemployment support. Sam Watson (1950) listed the aspirations of the welfare state as ‘poverty has been abolished, Hunger is unknown, the sick are tended, the old folk are cherished, our children are growing up in a land of opportunity’ (Hennessy, 1992, p. 423). This captures the confidence of the time in the role of the welfare state; it was a beginning of the functions for setting a minimum standard of income (Baldock, Mitton, Manning and Vickerstaff, 2012, p. 22).

Prior to 1834 the first attempts…

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