The Universal Monster Movies : The Castle Of Otranto By Horace Walpole, And Ann Radcliffe

1683 Words Dec 8th, 2016 7 Pages
Following the Great Depression, movie studios in the 1930’s were forced to alter their filmmaking practices in order to conserve money and turn a profit. During this period a series of films from Universal Studios dubbed the “Universal Monster Movies” made their way into theaters and began to shape the Horror genre in America. These films, which were based on classic literature, featured foreign stars, had low budgets, and saw influence from German Expressionism, were met with financial success and audience approval. The Universal Monster Movies display a significant era in film history where a genre was shaped, not necessarily through intention, but as a result of a financial crisis. Although popularized in American cinema in the 1930’s, horror had existed in media for centuries before. The elements and ideas associated with horror are prevalent throughout history, one of the earliest eras being during the 18th Century. This period saw the birth of ‘Gothic fiction” with novels such as The Castle of Otranto by Horace Walpole, and Ann Radcliffe’s The Mysteries of Udolpho, both of which contained elements of the supernatural. Then, in the 19th century, a new era of horror highlighting “monsters, murderers, demons and beasts” (Filmmaker IQ “A Brief History of Horror”) was born with authors such as Marry Shelly, Edgar Allan Poe, H.G. Wells, and towards the end of the century, Bram Stoker. All of these are significant examples of authors who had a lasting impact on…

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