The United States ' Criminal Justice System Essay

1026 Words Apr 12th, 2016 null Page
According to the United Nations Population Division 2016 estimates, the United States consists of 4.4% of the world’s population, however; they house almost half of the world’s prison population. The ineffectiveness of the United States’ criminal justice system is brought on by the mass incarceration of nonviolent offenders, racial profiling, and a high rate of relapse. However, mass incarceration is only suitable if you know for a fact that certain people aren’t meant to be free. President Nixon declared that the number one public enemy in the United States was drug abuse. In 1971, after taking it into consideration, Nixon declared a war on drugs. He fought drug abuse on both the supply and demand fronts. According to The Heritage Foundation, in the 1970s and 1980s, Congress and many state legislatures passed mandatory minimum sentencing laws, which is a method of indictment that gives guilty parties a set amount of prison time, paying little mind to their individual case examination. Our current war on drugs was declared by President Reagan. While Reagan was in office, some of the most excessive drug control laws were passed. Congress passed the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986, which set the basic framework of mandatory minimum sentencing for drug offenses. The United States Sentencing Commission provides an in-depth study on the history of the war on drugs. The Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986 consisted of the following four federal sentencing guidelines:
1. The…

Related Documents