Governmentality, Power-Knowledge relationship, Objectification of subject.
Foucault says that his main goal of his work is to understand how human beings are made subjects. He says, “the goal of my work during the last twenty years has not been to analyze the phenomena of power, nor to elaborate the foundations of such an analysis. My objective, instead, has been to create a history of the different modes by which, in our culture, human beings are made subjects.”
. He provides three modes of objectification of a subject, They are
1. Dividing Practices.
2. Scientific Classification. …show more content…
The isolation of lepers.
2. The confinement of the poor.
3. The insane and vagabonds confinement in 'Hopital General'.
4. The new classification of disease and practice of clinical medicine
5. The rise of modern psychiatry and its entry into hospitals, prisons and clinics. 6. The medicalisation, stigmatisation and normalisation of sexual deviance in
In this process of dividing humans are given both social and personal identities based on where they are categorized. These new identities, developed due to both spatial and social separation causes the human which is the subject to be objectified.
Scientific Classification :
"the modes of inquiry which try to give themselves the status of sciences; for example, the objectivising of the speaking subject in 'grammaire general', philology, and linguistics ... (or) the objectivising of the productive subject, the subject who labours, in the analysis of wealth and economics … (or) ... the objectivising of the sheer fact of being alive in natural history or biology."
In this Foucault describe how the the classification does not follow logic. He gives the example the life, labor and language to explain this. Here if we take …show more content…
So when a patient comes to a psychiatric, there are already two modes of objectification at play that are “division practices” which classifies the patient as
“abnormal” based on the definition of the normal of the society making him a object and the psychiatric himself is objectified by the “Scientific Classification” under the category of labor. In Freudian Psychoanalysis where Freud makes his patients to speak freely about their suppressed traumas even here the patients are objectified due to Subjectification because here the patient is performing operations on his own thoughts , mind and soul to come to a new understanding of his own self, which means self-reformation occurs.
In some cases we can see objectification of a subject as reason for a person to become a object in the first place. Here due to “dividing practices” a notation of
“normal” and “abnormal” are formed, Because of this binary division every person is expected to behave in a per-defined “normal” way. So when ever a person's Id wants to perform a task which is not in the set “normal” then the super-ego opposes it due