Essay about The Theory Of Meaning, By Viktor Frankl
Patricia L. Starck
“Man’s main concern is not to gain pleasure or to avoid pain but rather to see a meaning in his life” (Frankl, 1992). This powerful statement by Viktor Frankl is among the fundamental concepts upon which the theory of meaning was developed by Patricia L. Starck. Starck, (2014) describes her 20 year professional relationship with Viktor Frankl and her extensive involvement with Frankl’s logotherapy as being great influences on the development of the theory of meaning (Smith & Liehr, 2014).
Viktor Frankl Viktor Frankl was an Austrian Neurologist and Psychiatrist who was also interned at four different concentration camps during the Nazi occupation from 1942 until 1945 when he was liberated by the Americans. It is important to know his remarkable history to understand how it relates to his concept the “Will to Meaning”. His work and the postulates of his theory are put forth in his book Man’s Search for Meaning. This was the introduction of his concept of Logotherapy. Much of Frankl’s work is the underpinning for Starck’s theory of meaning.
The Concepts of the Theory of Meaning The three major concepts from Frankl’s work provide the foundation for the theory of meaning. The first of these concepts is life purpose. This is the central concept to the theory and seeks to answer questions of “Who am I?” and “Why am I here?”. It provides a summary of reasons for one’s existence. It proposes that each person is unique and that they must…