The Tension Between Citizenship And Capitalism Through The Eyes Of Marshall

787 Words May 7th, 2015 4 Pages
T.H. Marshall was a British sociologist that believed in the idea that citizenship could lead to equality. However, he also believed that capitalism lead to inequality. This analysis will seek to explain the tension between citizenship and capitalism through the eyes of Marshall. First one will need to have an understanding of Marshall’s definition of citizenship. Second one will have to gain an understanding of why Marshall believes that capitalism leads to inequality. Ultimately, there is tension among capitalism and citizenship because capitalism creates individualism that leads to a society where everyone must fend for himself or herself whether one is poor or rich. Also, there is tension because citizenship relies on the notion that all individuals are entitled to a set of particular rights in theory creating equality. Marshall gives a unique definition of citizenship. For Marshall citizenship can be spilt into three sections that include civil, political and social rights. Marshall defines civil rights as the following “Rights necessary for individual freedom – liberty of the person, freedom of speech, thought and faith, the right to own property and to conclude valid contracts, and the right to justice”(T.H. Marshall). This definition of civil rights given by Marshall is unique in that is descriptive, but also because he states that civil rights include the right to justice. The right to justice is the right that one must have to claim and defend the rights listed…

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