The Role Of Democracy In Somalia

997 Words 4 Pages
Somalia has gone through a lot of hardship, and struggle in order to thrive. Many years of hard work lead to “prosperity and freedom” in Somalia. Somaliland has three regions called “British Somaliland Protectorate(today’s Somaliland), Italian Somaliland(rest of Somalia), and French Somaliland(now Djibouti)” (Kaplan, 2008). Northwestern district of Somalia acquired its independence in 1991. The political development in Somali has gradually enhanced or improved towards democracy, which is evident through the article called “The Remarkable Story of Somaliland” by Seth Kaplan. Demonstrating a (great, sound or valid) example of a “bottom up process of democratization”. Also, “Somaliland has held three consecutive competitive elections since its …show more content…
In the article, it is claimed that “Although women have the same rights to vote and run for office as men, only 2 out of 379 municipal councilors and 2 out of 82 members of parliament are female”(Kaplan, 2008, 256). This quotes reveals that both genders have equal right to vote and have a office job under the government. The fifth component is Competition refers to the battle between majority and minority. This leads to Cooperation which is the next component of Schmitter and Karl’s definition of democracy. Cooperation is a key feature in democracy. It’s about making “collective decisions binding on the polity as a whole”(Schmitter and Karl’s, 2008, 116). In additional, majority of the population in Somaliland vote for minimizing the clans and have general agreement based on limiting the political parties to three. Also, it is compulsory for each of the party to have a good amount of support from the six regions of Somaliland(Kaplan, 2008, 256-7). This portrays that the people who don 't have any connection with the powerful families or clique. They have a disadvantage of not being able to get a government job compared to the people who have good connections with the people in power. The last component in Karl and Schmitters definition of modern democracy is Representatives, who are qualified politicians which play a key role in democracy. Also, these political representatives are held accountable for their actions(Schmitter and Karl’s, 2008,

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