Essay on The Raven by Edgar Allan Poe

1323 Words Dec 17th, 2012 6 Pages
Beatriz Castro
Professor Gary Smith
English 1302
Symbolism in “The Raven”
Edgar Allan Poe was highly criticized throughout his life whether it was for his high achievements or his downfalls; he always seemed to be talked about. Poe was born in January 19, 1809; his mother died shortly after being abandoned by his father leaving him and his brothers’ orphans at an early age. Poe was taken by John and Francis Allan. With the help of his foster parents he was later able to attend the University of Virginia where he studied French, Spanish, Italian, and Latin, and had an excellent scholastic record. He soon was not able to pay for tuition and started gambling and drinking. His foster father would not pay his “debts of
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Poe mentioned himself that he thought of using a parrot instead of a raven, yes they are both animals, but the raven is more suitable for the mood of the poem since ravens are associated with death and generally a parrot is thought of only a smart bird. The raven is simply just an animal yet to the student, the narrator, he is seen as an intellectual adviser. The narrator is referred to as the student because he seeks knowledge through the raven. Poe successfully picked the raven which gave the poem its feeling of darkness and gloom. The raven was the perfect selection because a human can use reason to answer the questions asked by the student appropriately, therefore throwing the poem off. The student feared the raven he saw him as an evil bird. “At length he calls the raven “wretch,” “thing of evil,” “fiend,” and other names, suspects him of diabolical prophetic powers, and shrieks at him to get out” (Carlson,1). The student called him a prophet, which is a person regarded as an inspired teacher or an individual who is claimed to have been contacted by the supernatural. The student says “Get thee back into the tempest and the Night’s Plutorian Shore!” (Poe,600). The Plutorian was known for darkness and Pluto was the Greek god of the dead and ruler of the underworld. The mentioning of this

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