His “nevermore” implies that Lenore will never be at rest, as she is not in Heaven. Consequently, this news causes the narrator to never be at rest. This, and the fact that the raven is always there, in the shadows (“The Raven” 103). The fact that he is always there represents the fact that the narrator is receiving a constant reminder that Death is always there, always waiting, always watching, always ready to take over, and that man alone will triumph over death “nevermore” (“The Raven” 195).
2. What philosophical ideals or beliefs did Poe hold? How are they evidenced in the poem? Poe held philosophical ideals and beliefs that influenced his work and writing, more specifically, “The Raven”. One of his philosophical ideals was that knowledge does not always lead to happiness by the individual who has gained the knowledge (http://people.brandeis.edu/~teuber/poebio.html, para. 47). In “The Raven”, the narrator is disturbed when he has lost Lenore, but it is when he finds out that she is not in Heaven that he finds himself completely overtaken by anguish. In this case, not knowing would have at least given him the opportunity to hope that she was not in Hell. Hal Poe, a descendent of