Essay on The Problem Of Slum Upgrading Programme

2172 Words 9 Pages
The twenty-first century marks the first time in history that the majority of the world’s population live in urban areas (Buhaug & Urdal, 2013). Urbanization is continuing rapidly, especially in cities of the global South. Poverty is also urbanizing as reflected in the lack of adequate housing, infrastructure and services for a majority of poor urban populations. One third of the world’s population is estimated to be living in slum conditions characterized by high densities of low income residents (Phua & Ooi, 2007). City governments are unable to keep up with the needs of growing urban populations, and government corruption leads to further difficulty in addressing the low standards of living of the urban poor. The problem of slums has been gaining attention globally as different levels of initiatives emerge (Jones, 2012). Solutions to slums range from demolition to upgrading from local governments to the UN. A key example of slum upgrading is the Kenyan Slum Upgrading Programme. The initiative started in 2004, and has since produced a lot of learning and experience in slum upgrading. Although the initiative has shown success in some regards, it is necessary to look at the project’s shortcomings in order to improve future endeavors. The shortcoming of the government slum upgrading programme are mitigated in the small-scale projects initiated by the Kounkuey Design Institute.
Slums and slum upgrading
Urban slums, although sometimes seen as a generalized term, are…

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