The Music Culture in Puerto Rico Essay
The African people of the island used drums made of carved harwood covered with an untreated …show more content…
Around 1900, Plena emerged as a humble proletarian folk genre in the lower-class, largely Afro-Puerto Rican urban neighborhoods in San Juan, Ponce, and elsewhere. Plena subsequently came to occupy its niche in island music culture. It is an informal, simple folksong genre, in which alternating verses and refrains are sung to the accompaniment of round, often homemade frame drums called panderetas, which are like tambourines but with no jingles, perhaps supplemented by accordion, guitar, or whatever other instruments might be handy. An advantage of the percussion arrangement is its portability, contributing to the plena's spontaneous appearance at social gatherings. Other instruments commonly heard in plena music are the cuatro, the maracas, and accordions.
Puerto Rican music was also influenced by the Caribbean music. Examples of these are bolero, merengue and salsa. The bolero originally derived from Cuba, but by the 1920s-30s it was being not only enjoyed but also composed and performed by Puerto Ricans, including such as Rafael Hernández and Pedro Flores. Merengue was the most popular dance music in the country during the 1900s. Salsa is another genre whose form derived from the Cuban\Puerto Rican melding of genre, especially Cuban dance music of