The Major Perspectives Of Psychology ; Behavioral, Humanistic, And Cognitive Approaches

735 Words Sep 24th, 2015 3 Pages
Jake sprung up from his bed. The night was motionless as darkness drifted around his room. Something was very wrong. Jake could feel his heart racing, trying to rupture through his chest. He turned and glanced at his alarm clock. This was the second night Jake had awakened in panic; the first time occurred at 3:15 am the previous night and, currently, it was 2:50 am. Sweat dispensed from his head and trolled down his chest, drenching his shirt. Jake thought as he tried to clasp his breath, but he could not figure out what was wrong with him. He felt as if he needed to do something, but as he thought he could not uncover any uncompleted task. He had completed all his homework for chemistry and even studied for his upcoming calculus exam, but something still felt uncomplete. Jake was experiencing a panic attack, a symptom from him being recently diagnosed with an anxiety disorder. There are three major perspectives in psychology; behavioral, humanistic, and cognitive approaches would vary in the thoughts of foundation and management methods for Jake’s anxiety disorder. The behavioral perspective’s initial enthusiast was John B. Watson; however B.F. Skinner became the groundbreaker of the field and later established a theory titled Operant Conditioning, which illuminates how voluntary behavior is learned. In this theory, behavioral responses that are trailed by satisfying consequences are bounded or reinforced. Behaviorism is basically the belief that everything is learned…

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