Titanium Bone Benefits
Titanium is also used in dentistry and surgical equipment. Someone who requires orthopedic surgery on their fallen hip joint, shoulder or replacing a severely broken bone will most likely have those bones replaced by titanium. Titanium is the medical material of choice for most doctors when replacing parts of the human body. Doctors like titanum because of its properties that make it able to put in the human body.
Titanium has many properties to allow it to be put in the human body. The human body is so sensitive that it only accept a few of the metals found on the periodic table of elements. Titanium is one of the only metals to be accepted by the human body without the body fighting it and creating an infection. Titanium also fuses with the existing bone creating a bond between the two. Because of these properties titanium is used in medical situations like dental implants and bone …show more content…
Researchers are advancing medical bone implant technology with rapid prototyping techniques and digitally designed zirconia molds. Zirconia is a white ceramic like substance that is used in bone replacements and in synthetic jewelry. The first step in the process is that a 3-D image of the outer surface of the femur is made. The bone was laser scanned at the physical anthropology computer lab using a special 3-D laser scanning machine. Resulting data was a highly accurate representation of the superficial topographic features of the bone the initial 3-D data set contained eighty thousand facets. The second step was generating a 3-D model of the femur. The model was made to be manipulated digitally. The 3-D digital data was transferred to the UT Aerospace Engineering/ Engineering Mechanics Learning Resource Center to be digitally processed. The original 3-D digital model was too complex to manufacture using the laser sintering machine available at UT so they had to change it to be more simple. The number of facets representing the femur bone was reduced to a more manageable 30,000. Smaller data set was still very accurate for the intended