The Haiti Earthquake From Port Au Prince, Haiti 's Capital Essay

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2010 Haitian Earthquake
○ Where and how:
The infamous 2010 earthquake occurred 25km from Port-au-Prince, Haiti’s capital. This region was the most densely populated area of the country, which increased the impact of this event significantly. The earthquake struck at 4:53pm local time on the 12th of January, with a depth of around 13km. This relatively shallow depth meant that most of the energy of the earthquake was released close to the surface, resulting in a devastating catastrophe. The event was first thought to be related to the Enriquillo-Plantain Garden fault but actually occurred on the newly discovered Leógâne fault located near the Caribbean and North American tectonic plate boundaries. The Leógâne fault is a blind fault meaning that it doesn’t disturb the surface of the earth, so cannot be perceived without proper instruments. The transform boundary slipped, causing a rupture in the fault, which is both a strike-slip and a thrust fault. The first shock had a magnitude of 7.0 on the Richter scale, with aftershocks averaging 5.9 occurring up to several days after the initial event. Figure 1: Haiti earthquake maps (
○ Immediate Effects This disaster had a severe effect on the area. It is estimated that the earthquake killed 220,000 almost immediately, and 300,000 were injured during the event as they tried to flee the area. The earthquake caused severe…

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