Essay on The Financial Crisis Of 2007 / 2008

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The financial crisis of 2007/2008 had a negative impact on the UK economy, resulting in low growth and high level of unemployment while inflation constantly remained above the 2% target. In those extraordinary circumstances focus of monetary policy had to be on growth rather than reaching inflation target, resulting in gradual reduction of the Bank rate from 5.75% in middle of 2007 to its lowest level of 0.5% in the beginning of 2009 (BoE, 2014). Although, a low interest rate led to significant depreciation of sterling, a tightening policy at that time would be a major mistake, that could lead to deflation and depression, rather than recovery and inflation around target (Fisher, 2014). Despite any effort pursued by monetary policy there was not only sign of the economic recovery. Moreover, the conditions deteriorated, with negative GDP figure, high level of unemployment and inflation rate remained above the target the economy was in recession. The conventional measures used by the MPC to stimulate economic growth proved to be inefficient, and the risk to fall into triple-dip recession remained. In order to provide additional stimulus into economy, the Bank had to make a decision on implementing unconventional measures. In January 2009, the Bank set up an Asset Purchase Facility to buy high-quality assets with the aim to improve liquidity and credit condition. The MPC purchased £200 billion of financial assets during period between March and November 2009. Although GDP figure…

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