The Extinction of the Wooley Mammoth Essays

2502 Words Jan 29th, 2013 11 Pages
The Extinction of the Woolly Mammoth
Lee Rhubin
English Composition II
Instructor J. Kobus

Abstract There have been many theories and hypotheses explaining why the woolly mammoth became extinct. In fact, there are ongoing studies and research attempting to offer more evidence for the different theories. While evidence from the remains and carcasses of woolly mammoths found frozen in the northern parts of the globe strengthen the claims of scientists and researchers, other methods of knowing the real causes are still elusive. Two main arguments aimed at explaining these mammals’ extinction continue to be debated. Climate change as the reason for their demise is countered by the theory that human hunting activities
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(Stevenson 2010). The woolly mammoth lived in Siberia as well as an expansive area in the Ural Mountains to the Pacific Ocean due to the many remains that have been found. Their population was known to have increased as they moved north. In fact, more remains of these animals were found in islands of the Siberian territories. Their existence is further proved by the carcasses found washed up in river banks and seashores of the Arctic Ocean. As this evidence was found, scientist and zoologists introduced many theories on how the woolly mammoth became extinct. The theories vary, but the main ones state that the woolly mammoths’ extinction was caused by the climate change and human hunting.

Woolly Mammoth Extinction It is difficult to extract evidence from the remains of the woolly mammoth. Their carcasses and skeletons were numerous, especially in the northern hemisphere and where glaciers existed. Millions of remains were found buried in Siberian frost alone. It was not only woolly mammoth remains that were dug up there but other kinds of mammals. According to (Chorlton, 2001), most of these were the grazing kinds of early horses. This implies that the environment of the Beringia (the land bridge between Siberia and Alaska) was mostly grasslands and flora. The combination of plants and animals point out that most of the season was not harsh winters. (Uys, 2009) (Zao et al 2009, 1388) states that the

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