The Enlightenment Of The 20th Century Essay

1058 Words Nov 12th, 2015 5 Pages
Enlightenment Research Paper

During the start of the 18th century, the Enlightenment revolutionized many ideas such as science philosophy, society, and politics. The enlightenment was probably best known for the philosophical beliefs it has had on the world.The enlightenment thinkers believed in the power of human reason and the perfectibility of mankind. There were six enlightenment ideals that were contributed by philosophers in the 18th century that affected the world. The philosophers that contributed to the Enlightenment were John Locke, Thomas Hobbs, John Jacques Rousseau, Baron de Montesquieu, Adam Smith, Voltaire, Cesare Beccaria.The Enlightenment ideal that influenced people of the time and led to revolutions and new political order was natural rights. The influence of natural rights is apparent in the English Bill of Rights, The U.S. declaration of independence, and The U.S. Constitution.

Natural rights are rights that all humans are born with. These rights include life, liberty, and property. The importance of natural rights is that it influenced many ideas today in government and in the world. Natural rights shaped our society and everything in it. John Locke expressed the progressive view that the government is required to serve the people, protect life, liberty, and property. He also explained the idea of checks and balances to limit government power. Locke expressed that people have the right to overthrow the government if the government fails its duty.…

Related Documents