Essay on The Doctrine Of A Religious Standpoint

1436 Words Aug 12th, 2016 null Page
When considering morality from a religious standpoint, a conclusion is often drawn, particularly in monotheistic religions, that goodness is an absolute concept, dictated by a set of God-given rules. It is logical to assume that God, as an omniscient, transcendent and ultimately perfect being, would be the source of moral command. Often, divine moral command is delivered to believers through scripture; however, it is argued that the moral teachings arising from such scripture cannot be absolute because they are subject to cultural relativity. Thus, although divine command theory seems simple, absolute rules are difficult to apply, and many scholars attempt to expose the issues with religious morality.

Aquinas’ Summa Theologica argues that the gradation of actions and beings - some being more or less good, true or noble - suggests that there must be something that is the best; most true, most noble and most good. Earth, in Plato’s model, contains only “pale copies” of these virtues, so the ‘true’ good cannot exist in our reality - thus, it makes sense that the highest and most noble being is God. Aquinas’ conclusion is that even if we cannot know what true goodness is, we know that God is perfectly good and is the supreme source of it, guiding believers towards what is good through his command. However, sometimes God’s moral commands can lead to absurd or dangerous outcomes - such as God instructing the sacrifice of children or attacking villages - which leads to the problem…

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