The Deadliest Disease in the World Essay

822 Words 4 Pages
Sean Sheldon
Professor Keiter
The Deadliest Disease in the World

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most deadly disease in the world. CAD occurs when plaque builds up in the arteries causing blood clots and restricting the heart of oxygen. CAD is the number one cause of death in the United States and the world. Medications and treatments are available but nothing can take the place of being proactive and preventing the disease. ("What Is Coronary Heart Disease?")
Coronary artery disease is caused when cholesterol containing deposits of plaque buildup inside the arteries that supply blood to your heart. As the plaque builds up, it begins to narrow your arteries, decreasing the amount of blood flow to your heart.
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("Coronary Artery Disease - Overview") This is why heart attacks and stroke are often seen together in the same patient. Also, in the kidney arteries, plaque buildup can lead to high blood pressure. In the leg arteries, it can lead cramping during exercise. ("Coronary Artery Disease - Overview")
The most common and most successful type of medication to help treat and prevent heart disease are blood thinners. These medications work by reducing the formation of blood clots in your veins (they don’t actually thin your blood). They are also very helpful in preventing clots from becoming any larger and causing even more problems. There are two types of blood thinners, anticoagulants increase the time it takes for a clot to form and antiplatelets keep platelets in your blood from sticking together and actually forming the clot. ("Blood thinners") Medication for CAD is only a preventative measure, the only option to completely remove the plaque and clots from the arteries would be surgery.
The most common treatment for CAD is angioplasty. During angioplasty a surgeon will thread a tube through a blood vessel usually in the groin, moving it up to the narrowed artery in the heart. The tube has a small balloon on its end, when the tube is in the correct place the surgeon will inflate the balloon. As the balloon inflates it pushes the plaque outwards and spreads the artery open, restoring blood flow. A stent can also be added to this procedure,

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