The Columbian Exchange And The New World Essay

2043 Words Dec 17th, 2014 9 Pages
Historian Alfred Cosby coined the phrase “Columbian Exchange” to depict the exchange of plants, animals and disease between the Old World and New World following Christopher Columbus’s arrival to the New World in 1492. The Columbian Exchange was a revolutionary time period for both the Old World and the New World as it transformed each area in both positive and negative ways. Primarily, the main impacts of the exchange were transformations of the people, animals, plants, food, minerals and commerce in the two areas. Specifically, the Old Word introduced the New World to livestock such as cows, pigs and horses, and agricultural plants like wheat, rice and sugar cane. In return, the New World presented the Old World with potatoes, corn, beans and turkey. Horses become such an important part of the New World that eventually some Native Americans transformed from an agricultural culture to a nomadic culture following bison herds. As a result of the Columbian Exchange, a trade triangle formed between the Americas, Europe and Africa. The Americas received labor from Africa to produce sugar, tobacco and cotton. Europe received the sugar, tobacco and cotton from the Americas, and Africa received rum, textiles, tools and weapons from Europe. Another important point to take into consideration is during this time there was also a huge demographical shift as people were quickly settling into the New World from the Old World. As a result, in addition to the other things mentioned,…

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