Symptoms And Treatment Of Autism

1467 Words 6 Pages
Around 1 in 68 children are diagnosed with an Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) annually. Autism is a neurodevelopmental brain disorder generally discovered in infancy. Those who suffer from autism have significant deficits in social interaction, language and normal behaviour. Autistic Spectrum Disorder ranges from mild to very severe, affecting the child’s language and their perception of the world. Symptoms affect social skills and communication. Physically, the autistic brain is enlarged and is heavier than average. The centers for emotion and memory are also physically different. As there is no cure, therapy is the most constructive form of treatment. Autism affects not just the sufferer of the condition but the friends and family as …show more content…
(Hollister,E,2012). Treatment for the lifelong autistic symptoms lies generally in therapy and continuous routine. A further point to be made in the treatment of autism, according to Eric Scholper is how the parents choose to treat the ASD. They are usually under a great amount of pressure. (Scholper,E (1996). “The system affected most directly by the presence of the autistic child is the immediate family.” (Morgan,S(1988) Many parents of those who are diagnosed with autism use new experimental treatments in an attempt to remedy the disorder. However, as autistic developmental disorders mature within the brain as the child grows, they are an integral part of the autistic child’s mind. Therefore, any pharmaceutical treatment would have to greatly alter the brain to have a “positive” impact. Behavioural treatment is the most common in relation to autistic disorders (Engeland,H and Buitelaar,J(2008). Applied Behavioural Analysis (ABA) is a treatment approach that takes advantage of the autistic mind by encouraging any positive behaviour and discouraging any negative behaviour. APA helps autistic children improve and learn commonly used skills. Occupational therapy and Sensory Integration Therapy help autistic children become more aware of their surroundings- enabling them to gradually become more independent. Structure and routine is key to this treatment as it allows the autistic child to learn in a way …show more content…
Characteristics of this disorder present themselves in early childhood and are generally displayed most when there is social contact. The language of the autistic child, as well as their perception and thought is affected. The lack of eye contact encapsulates the social problems those with autism face: the poor communication and inability to interact with the rest of the world. Preferring to be alone and focus on what they want to, lending their concentration to clear topics that interest them. The over stimulated synapses in the brain, as well as the enlarged hippocampus and amygdala provide physical evidence of autism. However, this presents the problem of treatment for physical problems in the brain. Autism therefore can only be managed, not

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