Structural Functionalism : A Paradigm Based On The Assumption Of Society
Structural functionalism “a paradigm based on the assumption that society is a unified whole that functions because of the contributions of its separate structures” (Ferris, Jill Stein)(22). Can also be known as the functionalist theory which was dominant theoretical prospective within sociology well into the mid-twentieth century. Emile Durkheim lived during the mid-1800’s and died in the early 1900’s observed society as the labor force had evolved from the agricultural in to industrial revolution and. The studies he conducted were considered as macro-sociological. He believed “different types of societies created different types of bonds” (Ferris, Jill Stein)(22).
Conflict theory “ a paradigm that sees social conflict as the basis of society and social change, and emphasizes a materialist view of society, a critical view of the status quo, and a dynamic model of historical change (Ferris, Jill Stein)(24). This theory from Europe in the mid-nineteenth-century and consists of social inequality, and is considered as micro-sociological. A contributor of conflict theory is Karl Marx (1818-1883) was a social philosopher, cultural commentator, and political activist from Germany. “Marx believed most problems were the result of capitalism, the emerging economic system based on the private for-profit operations of the industry.” (Ferris, Jill Stein)(24) The word “Marxism” would be another name for this theory.
Symbolic interactionism “a paradigm that…