Spastic Cerebral Palsy

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Cerebral Palsy is a frequent neurological disorder caused by non-progressive brain injury of malformation that occurs while the brain is under development in a child. This disorder affects body movement, muscle control and coordination, muscle tone, reflex, posture and balance, also impacting fine motor skills, gross motor skills, and oral motor functioning. Cerebral Palsy is not a disease, not progressive, nor communicable. Many children and adults suffer from this disorder. It is estimated that 764,000 children and adults in the United States manifest one or more symptoms of Cerebral Palsy( Miller 87). Recently shown in a study, the prevalence was significantly higher in boys than girls overall, the male to female ratio is 1:4:1 (Miller …show more content…
To begin with, there is Spastic Cerebral Palsy, which is characterized by muscle stiffness and permanent contractions. Spastic Cerebral Palsy is also the most common type of Cerebral Palsy. Some of the symptoms of Spastic Cerebral Palsy include the appearance of stiff muscle movements or too floppy muscle movements, exaggerated reflexes,lack of muscle coordination, and/or tremors or involuntary movements.Then there is Athetoid or Dyskinetic Cerebral Palsy, which is depicted by uncontrolled, slow writhing movements.Athetoid is also a type of Cerebral Palsy that is primarily associated with damage to the basal ganglia, a group of subcortical nuclei in the human brain, in the form of lesions that occur during the brain development due to bilirubin encephalopathy and hypoxic-ischemic brain injury. The symptoms of Athetoid include involuntary movements, tremors, poor posture, unsteadiness, twisting of the torso, slow writhing movements, abrupt movements, grimacing and or drooling. Next, there is Ataxic Cerebral Palsy, which is characterized by poor coordination and balance. This is one of the least common types of the disorder. It affects around 5 to 10 percent of all people with Cerebral Palsy ( Martin 32 ). Ataxic Cerebral Palsy is derived from the word “ataxia” which means the lack of coordination and order ( Martin 67 ). Along with Tremors, children with this type of Cerebral Palsy may also have speech and oral problems. The symptoms for this type of Cerebral Palsy include walking with feet spread far apart, difficulty bringing hands together, unsteady gait, trouble grasping objects, over- correcting movements, trouble with repetitious movements, struggling with speech, and slow eye movements. Furthermore, there is Hypotonia Cerebral Palsy, are rare yet still common form of this disease, which is the result of severe brain damage or malformations. Hypotonia is diminished

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