Sociological Theories And Biological Theories Essay
1. Strain theory
Strain theory is a concept by Robert Merton which explains that individuals experience a lot of pressure in the pursuit of societal goals especially when they do not have the resources and this therefore can drive them to crime. Agnew (2012) in his article, Reflection on A Revised Strain Theory of Delinquency argues that people from underprivileged backgrounds have trouble achieving their goals due to a lack of resources which hinders their overall achievement and success in school and ultimately increases the appeal of crime. He explains, “Most strain theories state that delinquency results when individuals are unable to achieve their goals through legitimate channels.” (p. 33).
Smith (2008) explains that Durkheim’s inspired the idea of “Robert Merton’s famous adaptation of anomie…