Sociological Origins Of Hunting And Gathering Societies

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The human (homo sapiens sapiens) species initially appeared a little over 100,000 years ago. The species has continued to thrive as a whole ever since—expanding the impact of their abilities year after year. In order to understand the sociological evolution of the human species, one must first and foremost understand the basic origins of their sociological patterns. A good question to begin with would be: what events/circumstances prompted the start of hunting and gathering societies? The study of macrosociology focus on the development of human societies, which is fundamentally structured as hunting-gathering, simple horticultural, advanced horticultural, simple agrarian, advanced agrarian—and most recently, industrial. Nonetheless, as previously …show more content…
Scholars believe that throughout most of human ancestry, the hominid subjects were foragers who spent time “gathering fruits and vegetables wherever they could find them”.Additionally, the other stronger and adventurous subjects were the ones who spent time “hunting wild animals or scavenging the remains of those that had died or been killed by others”.2 Along with the knowledge of what foods to consume, and what animals were around to hunt—the human species were forced to adapt to these circumstances by promoting the methodology of hunting and gathering anything they needed for their own …show more content…
The women of the hunting-gathering societies were the ones who stayed at the community’s temporary base, in order to take care of the children. The women of hunting-gathering societies were additionally expected to gather the foods and materials that surrounded the nearby area. On the other hand, the men of the hunting-gathering society were in charge of hunting for animals.4 The men of the society are consequently given the right to consume the meat they hunted before the rest of the family.4
Moreover, the ratio between hunting and gathering in the society most likely depended on the geographical characteristics that surrounded the subjects3. Some hunting-gathering societies primarily focused on hunting, while others focused on gathering. For example, the Eskimos of Arctic Canada, Alaska, and Greenland have primarily relied on the hunting of whales and seals for survival.3 On the other hand, the Bushmen of modern-day South Africa mostly rely on gathering rather than on

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