Sociological Aspects Of The Criminal And Their Relationship With Society

1415 Words Nov 12th, 2016 6 Pages
Through childhood and adolescence, society teaches and pressures citizens to conform to certain expectations to allow for a peaceful and flourishing society, and the vast majority of people give in and see the logical reasoning behind these expectations. However, some citizens, such as Justin Bourque of Moncton, New Brunsick, do not. Some examples of social deviance include illegal substance abuse, driving under the influence, or in the case of Bourque, three counts of first degree murder. When criminologists look at criminals, they want to understand why, because when they learn why, they can potentially stop crime. This research has led to the development of many theories that each attempt to explain why crime is committed, including Hirschi’s Control Theory and Merton’s control theory, both of which concentrate on the sociological aspects of the criminal and their relationship with society.
Hirschi’s Control Theory suggests that if a human is bonded to society they are less likely to be destructive to it and subsequently less likely to commit a crime. (O’Grady, 2014) This specific theory applies to Bourque’s crime as he was not bonded properly to society in his childhood, thereby making it more likely that his egocentric impulses would be prominent. Merton’s Strain Theory suggests that society has culturally defined goals and institutionalized means to achieve them; if you don’t follow the means to achieve the culturally acceptable goal, you’re demonstrating deviant…

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