Socioeconomics Of Crime

2095 Words 9 Pages
Adesimisola Tijani
American Criminal Courts

The legal definition of crime is an offense against the public law. Crime is defined and punished by statutes and the common law. In addition, “crimes are mala in se or bad in themselves. These include all offenses against the moral law; or they are mala prohibita, bad because prohibited.” (Law Dictionary) When looking at the definition of what a crime is, it does not give the individual insight of the different types of crime. In addition, it does not fully explain what causes crime. Based on the different research and studies done on crime, it is evident that there are various causes for high crime rates in a community. These factors include education, peer influence, geography, media, and
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The variables that determine an individual’s SES include education, wealth, income, and occupation. One’s socioeconomic status affects every aspect of their life. Criminologist and sociologist found that a group’s socioeconomic status also influences their behavior in society. More specifically, criminologists have found that a groups SES status correlates with the amount of crime that is committed in a neighborhood. An individual’s socioeconomic status influences the type of environment that they live in. The higher an individual’s SES is, the more likely they are to be in an environment that is better than an individual who has a low SES. Having a low SES exposes you to poorer conditions than those who are better off. The people that live in this type of community have little to no means of providing for their families. In these neighborhoods, there is no social mobility and economic opportunity. As a result, the members of this neighborhood find alternative ways to provide and survive. Ultimately, those who have a low SES live in disadvantage and disorganized neighborhoods. (American Psychological Association 2009) A neighborhood’s SES correlates to the second factor that leads to high crime in communities, which is

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