Social Determinants Of Health

1233 Words 5 Pages
World Health Organisation ( 2016) has defined the social determinants of health (SDH) are the social and economic conditions in which people are born, grow, work, live, and age such as stress, work, food, early life, transport, addiction, social support, unemployment, social exclusions and social gradient. These conditions are formed by the allocation of funds, power and resources at the local, national and global levels. In this essay, I am going not only to analyse the impact of poverty, addiction and family violence on the children’s health age group from zero to twelve, but also to identify local, regional and national prevention services and strategies in New Zealand.

Oxford University Press (2016) has defined a child as a young human
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Poverty has defined by most countries in the world by basic measure a lack of funds, such as income (ODHI, 2016). Low income places stress on families leading in increased risk of child abuse and neglect. Children’s of parents such as young families, beneficiaries, single parents and those who are unemployed live in poverty or below the poverty level. This not only limits access to resources in order to meet basic needs such as shelter, food, clothing, and education but also reduces their opportunities to make choices that promote good health (The Association of faculties of Medicine of Canada, …show more content…
Children of wealthier parents have resources such as books, toys to play and learn alphabet, numbers, colours and shapes, a tutor if one is needed, while children from poor socio-economic background limits of books and toys. Based Low-Performing Students report lack of early childhood education put children at risk for low academic performances (Johnston, 2016). Twenty five percent of students from the poorest households more than six times predispose to have low grade in maths in comparison with students from advantaged areas according to OECD report (Poverty, poor maths link, 2016). Twenty nine percent more students from the advantage areas achieved NCEA level 2 in 2014, compare to the students from the disadvantaged areas (Child Poverty Monitor Report,

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