Essay about Social Capital And Neighborhood Effects

728 Words Oct 18th, 2015 3 Pages
Scholars of social capital and neighborhood effects theories have shown that social ties and neighborhoods matter in individual outcomes and perpetuating overall social inequality. However, more recent cohort of scholars argue that these existing theories fall short in several ways as they fail to answer questions like “How do people make social ties?” and “What constitutes a neighborhood and how does it matter?” Mario Small investigates the development of social ties among mothers of children enrolled at local childcare centers in New York City and argues that institutional contexts contribute to the makings of social ties, resource attainments, and reproduction or amelioration of inequality. In line with Small’s argument, Sharkey and Faber explore literature on different contexts that affect the “neighborhood effects” and reproduction of inequality, calling for an expansion in theories, methodologies, and perspectives to further the scholarship of urban sociology. Taken together, Small and Sharkey and Faber state the importance of exploring and understanding different contexts in which inequality of networks and neighborhoods are produced, reproduced, and/or restructured.
Using mixed methods, Small investigates how mothers with children enrolled at childcare centers in NYC make friends, attain resources, and experience improvements in their well-being. His “organizational embeddedness perspective” adds valuable insights to the existing theories of social capital and…

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