Self-Determination Theory Of Human Motivation

1946 Words 8 Pages
Principal-agent (PA) scholars usually focus on the difficulty with getting agents to expend more effort, known as the moral hazard problem. Even though agents and principals may share a common goal, agents have personal incentives to increase their own self-interests. These incentives can lead to tension between the goals of the principal and the execution of the task by the agents (Miller 2005). Agents may prefer to shirk and consequently the principal will suffer.

PA scholars may argue that implementation varies because of the amount of effort agents expend. Given this, the presence or absence of solutions to increase the probability of implementation in accordance to the principal’s expectations may explain implementation. Solutions often discussed within the literature include: creating contracts with agents, screening and selecting agents, monitoring and evaluating agents, and
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To outline the range of tactics available, I use a framework found within the work of self-determination theory (SDT). In order to study human motivation, Deci and Ryan (2000, 2008) outline a range of possible variations in human motivation and place them on a continuum that ranges from non-self-determined to self-determined motivation. Broadly speaking, non-self-determined forms of motivation, otherwise known as extrinsic motivation, refer to less internalized forms of motivation. This means that an individual’s motivation is contingent upon external incentives such as compensation. On the opposite side of the spectrum are self-determined forms of motivation, otherwise known as intrinsic motivation. This type of motivation is more internalized, meaning that an individual is motivated by internal reasons such as believing in the tasks themselves (Pelletier and Sharp 2008). Below I outline the different mobilization techniques that principals can use based on the differences in human

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