Scientific Management Essay examples

13325 Words Oct 9th, 2014 54 Pages
Topic 1. Question 1: Summarize the chief tenets of the scientific management and social person movements. Be sure to identify key players in both movements. (5 page maximum, single spaced.)

The scientific management and the social person movement differ noticeably. In its very initial stages, engineers had become vital to the development and installing advances in both technology and power. They were to become a prime source of information about management practices. One strong example would be Henry Towne as it was he whom called for engineers to look beyond the technical side of manufacturing and become involved in the economizing of efforts within the factory itself. The greatest player in the scientific management era
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However, Henri Fayol came up with the famous 5 functions and 14 principles of management.

Frederick Taylor’s theory improved factory productivity and efficiency significantly and was the first one to introduced scientific analysis to the workplace. Besides, its piece-rate system which equated worker rewards and performance improve workers’ performance and it instilled cooperation between management and workers. In contrast to Henri Fayol’s theory, It viewed management as a profession that can be trained and developed and emphasized the broad policy aspects of top-level managers. In addition, it underlined all elements necessary to organize and manage corporation as a whole, so it is more systematic (Compare & Contrast the Contributions of Henri Fayol & Frederick Taylor in Management Thoughts. Zhaoyazhi, November 2010).

Spreading the Gospel of Efficiency was a most notable tenant of the scientific management movement. The two most prominent contributors of this particular philosophy being Carl G. Barth and Henry Laurence Gantt. Taylor and Gantt clashed at times, but became a prime disciple of Taylor. Gantt felt the supervisor should do more than increase the worker's skill and knowledge; he added an ingredient to industrial education called the "habits of industry". These habits were industriousness and cooperation, which would facilitate the acquisition of all other knowledge.

Frank and Lillian

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