Roman “Res Publica” Essay

1018 Words Dec 2nd, 2013 5 Pages
Roman “Res Publica”

The first known inhabitants of the Italian Peninsula were the Dorians. They had first invaded the Greek Peninsula circa 1200 B.C. before moving onto the Italian Peninsula around 1000 B.C. About 200 years later, a new civilization arose in Etturia (now Tuscany) that would have a tremendous influence on the Romans. These people were known as the Etruscans. The Etruscans were a military ruling class that exploited the native Italians, making them work the mines and serve in the Etruscan armies, while they themselves became wealthy from farming the land, piracy and trade commerce. Although the Etruscans exploited much of the people, they brought with them an abundance of knowledge and ideals that would change
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Hannibal also lead his army in the Battle of Cannae that wiped out nearly 80,000 Roman soldiers leading to the worst defeat in Roman history. In the year 202 B.C. the Punic Wars came to an end with the Romans coming out victorious and the Carthaginians accepting peace and reducing the status of Carthage to a dependent ally of Rome. Rome now ruled the entire Mediterranean coast and seas from Italy westward. The Romans policy toward the conquered was modeled after Alexander the Great. They would not destroy the cities or people of conquered territories. The Romans actually wanted to promote and portray themselves as the good guys, the generous victors and loyal allies. Much like Alexander, after conquering a territory they would immediately begin to incorporate non-Romans into their society. Taking this a step further is something that the Greeks would not have done however, and that was actually offering Roman citizenship. The third and most prevalent motive for The Roman Republic was profit. Although there is no statistical information on the exact wealth of Res Republica, it is said to have been wealth beyond imagination. During the second century B.C. after the Romans had conquered most of the lands bordering the Mediterranean, slavery became a basic element in the Roman society. Since the

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