Role Of Interest Groups In Foreign Policy

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3. Who are some of the most important actors in American foreign policy? How does the Constitution disperse foreign policy powers? How do interest groups and the media influence foreign policy?

The American foreign policy is shaped mainly by the President and his chiefs advisors. However, there are several institutions and forces shaping American foreign policies. The Constitution divides foreign policy powers between the executive and legislative branches, but often, they tend to overlap. However, the bureaucracy, armed and intelligence forces, interest groups, and the media tend to influence foreign policy.

* The President Leads Foreign Policy: the president plays the role of the leader of foreign policy. Nevertheless, despite of the president having the authority to determine the nation’s foreign policy, many actions require the approval of Congress. Most American presidents have served as politicians who set out to make their place in history through achievements in domestic policy. In 2002, for example, foreign policy was the centerpiece of the Bush administration’s agenda. The “Bush Doctrine” consisted
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Most of these groups focuses on a single issue and hence are more active. Ethnic interest groups tend to influence the foreign policy to benefit the hometown. The most influential interest groups are Jewish Americans, whose family and emotional backgrounds make them the most alert and active interest groups in the whole issue of foreign policy. Another type of influential interest group is devoted to human rights, which consists mostly of people who concern about the welfare and treatment of people throughout the world. For instance, in the 1990’s, the Christian Coalition joined groups such as Amnesty International and lobbying Congress to restrict trade with countries that permit attacks against religious

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