Rhetorical Analysis Of Martin Luther King 's ' I Have A Dream '

1124 Words Sep 28th, 2016 5 Pages
Martin Luther King, a black civil right campaigner, gave an unforgettable speech called “I Have a Dream” on August 28, 1963, commemorating the centennial of Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation and urging President John F. Kennedy to pass civil rights bill. King’s purpose of giving this speech is to eliminate the inequality of treatment to black people, to express the necessities of eradicating racial inequality and to pursue the improvement of future changes. He adopted a dramatic tone in order to appeal similar feelings and experiences with the audience, especially black people. In this paper, the rhetorical strategies in King’s speech, such as allusion, simile, hyperbole and repetition emphasize his ideas, help audience to remember his ideas and raise audience’s emotion. In the second paragraph, King began his speech by using allusion to help his argument to share collective national ancestry. “Five score years ago, a great American, in whose symbolic shadow we stand today, signed the Emancipation Proclamation” (King 1). In this sentence, “five score years ago” is an allusion which refers to Lincoln 's speech, Gettysburg address. Lincoln began the speech with now-iconic phrase "Four score and twenty years ago”, referring to the Declaration of Independence in 1776. In Lincoln’s speech, he reiterated the principles of principles of human equality and proclaimed the Civil War as struggle that would bring true equality to all of citizen and would bring a new nation. And…

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