Restorative Justice In Criminal Justice

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Restorative justice was a system of criminal justice which focuses on the rehabilitation of offenders through reconciliation with victims and the community at large. This approach is based on the assumption that crime has its origins in social conditions and the relationships in the communities. Restorative justice was the name given to a variety of different practices, including apologies, restitution, and acknowledgments of harm and injury, as well as to other efforts to provide healing and reintegration of offenders into their communities, with or without additional punishment (Menkel-Meadow, 2007). It was an alternative model of criminal justice that focused on forgiveness, healing, reparation and reintegration. Unlike the traditional criminal …show more content…
It was an alternative model of criminal justice that focused on repaired, restored, reconciled, and reintegrated the offenders and victims and those affected by crime (Menkel-Meadow, 2007). Tony Marshall’s definition of restorative justice draws attention to the restorative process and its outcomes, “a process whereby parties with a stake in a specific offence collectively resolve how to deal with the aftermath of the offence and its implications for the future” (Marshall, 1999). This definition seems to have driven much of the empirical research on restorative justice, which has focused more on restorative process and outcomes. For examples; how conferences are administered and run, how participants feel about conferences, how offenders make amends and how victims are healed and recover (Hayes & Daly, 2004). Restorative justice was differentiated from the traditional criminal justice system in the ways of justice. It considered crime and wrongdoing to be an offence against an individual or community, rather than the state (Australian Institute of Criminology, 2014). Restorative Justice aimed to prevent re-offending by reintegrating offenders into the community and enable offenders to undertake active responsibility for their …show more content…
This country are world leaders in the use of conferencing as a form of restorative justice (Daly & Hayes, 2001). The developments of restorative justice in Australia were largely influenced by the growth of family group conferencing in New Zealand. First conferencing trial in Australia was appeared in Wagga Wagga, NSW in 1991, a police-run scheme. First legislated restorative justice conferencing scheme established in South Australia in 1994, after passage of the Young Offenders Act 1993. South Australia adopted the “New Zealand model” for administering family conferences, where other professionals (not police) convene conferences. Restorative justice conferencing for juvenile offender was introduced to Queensland on a trial basis as part of the 1996 amendments to the Juvenile Justice Act 1992 (Hayes & Daly, 2004). When young offenders are arrested for a crime and admitted to the offence, they may be referred to a conference. A conference brings young offenders together with their victims and their supporters in a facilitated dialogue about the offence, its impact and what can be done to repaired the harm caused by crime (Hayes, 2005) At the time of Strang’s 2001 review of restorative justice programs in Australia, the programs were usually only available to juvenile offenders as the programs were

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