Respiratory Acidosis ( Respiratory Failure ) Essay

775 Words Nov 10th, 2015 4 Pages
Respiratory acidosis (respiratory failure/ventilator failure) is an acid based disturbance characterized by abnormally high amounts of carbon dioxide gas dissolved in systemic arterial blood, above 45 mmHg (millimeter of mercury) and a deviation of pH away from the normal value of 7.4. The elevation in PCO2 has been never due to an increase in CO2 production. (Angus MD, 2006). Other causes include the presence of excessive carbon dioxide in inspired air (inhaled breath). Decreased alveolar ventilation (exhaled breath). Increased production of carbon dioxide by the body. Cell buffering can occur within minutes after the onset of respiratory acidosis and an increase in net acid excretion (the amount of acid excreted in the urine). The compensatory response mechanism is compensated by the kidneys by conserving HCO3- (bicarbonate) and the body trying to increase the plasma to match the increase in PCO2 and to maintain the PCO2/HCO3 ratio. Treatments are designed for the secondary disease. Bronchodilator drugs which dilate the bronchi and bronchioles and decreasing resistance in the respiratory airway or oxygen therapy, increasing the flow of air to the lungs. A CPAP machine, oxygen, and cease smoking. Respiratory alkalosis (hyperventilation) is caused by a drop in systemic arterial blood falls below 35 mmHg (millimeter of mercury) and a deviation of pH above the normal value of 7.4 and an elevation in the frequency of alveolar ventilation with tidal volume that results…

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