Sir Karl Popper's Discourse On Method

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“I think therefore I am”, was said by one of the most important philosophers from the Enlightenment period. This philosopher goes by the name of René Descartes. He used the deductive method to arrive to ‘truths’, which eliminated nonsense errors. However, it began when he questioned intellectual certainty. Descartes found the need to restore philosophy and the way that one should acquire knowledge. Thus, he sets himself to find a system, a method, that challenges skepticism. His famous work, entitled the Discourse on Method, originally written in French, explains the advantages of his method that should lead to unquestionable knowledge and scientific discoveries.

In part two of his discourse, Descartes presents his method and its rules.
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He is a 20th century philosopher whose characteristic work was to find a theory that distinguished the difference between science and pseudoscience. This is the demarcation problem. He classified unfalsifiable as pseudoscience, or as unscientific, and vice versa. Popper made several considerations that discuss the importance to test scientific theories. This is found from an excerpt entitled Science:Conjectures and Refutations. It was believed that a scientific theory should be verified, meaning that is can demonstrated to be correct with evidence. For example, the followers of Marxist. Marxism was one of Popper’s targets. However, Popper believed that in order for a scientific theory to be certain, it should have the ability to be to falsified. However, Popper claimed that there was a bias for the people who believed in Marxism because of newspapers. Popper claimed that Marx’s predictions were not carried out for testing. Contrary, there was an ad hoc hypothesis which the theory was incapable of being falsified. Thus, he created a formula for proper scientific research. This is Popper’s formula : P1, TE, EE, P2. P1 is the initial problem , following is TE which is the tentative hypothesis, EE is the error elimination process where experiments are conducted and finally P2 is the new problem which is derived from the analysis the data and the conclusion of the TE (to be approved, or

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