Reaching True Justice Essay

1001 Words Aug 20th, 2014 5 Pages
Reaching True Justice According to Aristotle, justice is treating equals equally and unequals unequally while giving them what they are due. Throughout history, three general schools of thought on justice have arisen which are utilitarianism, deontology, and virtue-based ethics. Based on the concepts presented in these three schools of thought, deontology provides the best way to achieve the closest form of true justice. Utilitarianism in a general sense is the “greatest good for the greatest number.” The case for utilitarianism is most strongly presented by John Stuart Mill. In the utilitarian world, there is no such concept as the separateness of the people. When an issue is confronted in making policies or decisions, those who are not receiving the benefits or being saved from the harm or deliberately chosen not to receive the help. If the number of people who received the help or the benefits outnumbers those who didn’t receive it, through the eyes of the utilitarian, the actions performed were virtuous and just. War is the ultimate example of this utilitarian school of thought. Sending many troops to an area to save innocent civilians from terrorist would likely result in a couple of troops being killed. However, the greatest good for the greatest number was achieved because more people were saved than lost. In addition, the reason why utilitarianism is so prevalent in today’s government is because other schools of thought on justice realistically can’t…

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