Deterrence Theory In Criminology

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In the field of criminology law, an important aspect involves the validation and actualization of the actual causes of crime. The fact that criminal activities continue to persist our society means that understanding the real cause of crimes will remain to be complex (Bursik, 2008). However, various law criminologists have postulated various theories that attempt to explain the different causes of crime in our society. The theoretical understanding of the causes of crime helps in the demystification of criminal behavior in our community, hence, forming a proper background upon which the existing structural policies set aside to prevent criminal activities can be evaluated. According to Akers (2013), a theory refers to an educated …show more content…
Therefore, criminal activities continue to be high in the various parts of the globe because arrests and convictions still are on the minimal. In developed countries whereby the police and justice departments are technically skilled, the crime rates continue to be low for the fear of the punishment that is resultant. Therefore, comparing the rational-choice theory to the deterrence theory, clear-cut differences ensue. While the deterrence theory is focused on preventing crimes through the enactment of tighter punitive measures, the rational-choice theory indicates that the cause of crime as a carefully thought out process (Etchison, 2010). Thus, combining the rational-choice theory and the deterrence theory would form a better understanding of the causes of crime and crime prevention. The rational-choice theory would provide a logical reason for the causes of crime while the deterrence theory would form a basis of ways of preventing the crimes. Therefore, a combination of these theories into one would be prudent. Apart from the classical choice theories, the other logical explanation for the causes of crime have been explained through the biological theory. Contrary to the choice theories, the biological theories of crime allude to the fact that acts of crime have some physiological link (Sherman, …show more content…
Perhaps an improvement to Lombroso’s biological theory would be the careful research analysis that focuses on finding the genetic linkage between genetics and crime. The question twins who share the same genetic makeup linked to criminal activity needs to be answered. More efforts need to be centered on the hereditary link and criminal activities. As it stands, the Born Criminal biological theory can be dismissed based on judgments based on appearances (Bursik, 2008). A better and improved theory of the Born Criminal Theory needs to be amended through linking the theory to the sociological factor. Credit ought to be given to the biological theories of crime causation for the theory attempts to postulate the scientific link in the causation of crime. The final theory that attempts to explain the cause of crime is the psychological theory of crime causation. In contrast to the biological theories, the psychological theory indicates that criminal activities and any aberrant behavior all have to do with the human mind (Wilson, 2013). The main element of the psychological theory is that the psychological functioning, which includes development and adjustment can be used to relate criminal

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