Pursuit Of Knowledge Essay

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Within the modern scientific world, the pursuit of knowledge entails the purposeful advancement of the field. The discovery and development of new information fuel such advancements. Similarly, disagreement also provides a basis for extended research. Carl Sagan suggests the heart of science is “an essential balance between two seemingly contradictory attitudes–an openness to new ideas, no matter how bizarre or counterintuitive they may be, and the most ruthless skeptical scrutiny of all ideas, old and new.” Sagan’s statement suggests that disagreements may encompass the model’s logical foundation or evidence’s value; that is, disagreement largely depends on reason and sense perception. Furthermore, disagreement may entail personality clashes …show more content…
However, ethical issues may arise if one seeks new information for personal gains; it is necessary to evaluate new knowledge with as little bias as possible. Accordingly, disagreement from other professionals acts as a buffer against personal bias. Within the human sciences, personal relationships and aims for studies often alter data more than procedural issues or data processing. One finds notable disagreement within the field of psychology and the development of memory models. Atkinson and Shiffrin proposed a multi-store memory model in 1968. Their model suggested that there were separate stores for each memory process, and that memory was divided between sensory memory, short-term memory (STM), and long-term memory (LTM). While much research supported their findings, as did anterograde amnesia cases, Baddeley and Hitch disagreed with the structure of the multi-store model. While the two did not seek to alter the entire model, their skepticism led to refinement of the STM process. Baddeley and Hitch’s working memory model amended STM and suggested that there were multiple processes involved instead of a single unitary store. In this case, the team’s skepticism led to the development of new knowledge based on a past theorem. This new model better supported processes like reading comprehension and multitasking than the previous STM model. Furthermore, the single refinement of the multi-store model allowed both to coexist. The overall state of disproval provided motivation to propose a new theory; the theory, in turn, made both theories stronger and more codependent and advanced the field of cognitive

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