Essay Plague, The Mass Killer

841 Words Dec 24th, 2015 4 Pages
Plague, the mass killer. It strikes where it pleases and takes the lives of millions. Pain and suffering follow in its path. The Bubonic Plague’s origin, widespread transmission, and population decline caused it to be Europe’s most horrible pandemic, paving the way for advancement in sanitation and medicine.
The first historical accounts of the Bubonic Plague were in Central Asia in 1338. By the early 1340’s it had already struck China, India, Persia, Syria, and Egypt. The plague was brought from Sicily to England in 1347 along the Asian trade routes (Silk Road) which imported silk, spices, ceramics, and wealth. The Black Death first infected the Black Sea port of Kaffa which then spread to Scotland, Scandinavia, and Ukraine.
The plague was originally believed to have spread from fleas infected with a bacterium known as "Yersinia pestis" on the backs of large black rats who inhabit trade ships. However, modern day researchers from the University of Oslo studied the conditions of tree rings from the 14th century and discovered the climate was not favorable to black rats. “You would need warm summers, with not too much precipitation. Dry, but not too dry." (Professor Stenseth. Gerbils, Not Rats, Spread The Black Death.) Professor Stenseth 's study suggested gerbils fell victim to infected fleas and began the infectionof this horrific pandemic.
Transmission of the plague was from bites from an infected flea, contact with infected tissue or fluids, or contact with…

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