Personality Psychology And Social Psychology Essays

2169 Words Dec 2nd, 2016 9 Pages
In 1971, Philip Zimbardo made a huge impact on the field of Psychology. He changed the world of social psychology by taking it from a field focused on behavior being dispositional and transitioned it into a focus on social psychology in the terms of viewing behavior as situational. Gordon Allport, Fritz Heider, Harold Kelley and Bernard Weiner all helped set the stage for personality psychology and social psychology. Each of these individuals touched on the idea of behavior being dispositional until Solomon Asch, Stanley Milgram and Philip Zimbardo introduced the idea that situations influence our actions. Dispositional behavior means that behavior is presented by an internal factor within us (e.g. the environment or culture we grow up in). Stanley Milgram peaked Zimbardo’s interest in testing the dispositional hypothesis through his popular study, the Milgram study. This peak of interest in situational social psychology came from his Stanford prison experiment. The Stanford prison experiment was designed to observe obedience and role adaption. Following this experiment: Zimbardo published a book discussing the experiment (The Lucifer Effect), there have many movies and documentaries filmed, additional studies and experiments performed looking at obedience (situational vs dispositional behavior) and there have been connections to the abuse at the Abu Ghraib prison in an Iraqi city west of Baghdad during the war in Iraq.
Background and Context
In the 1930 through the…

Related Documents