Essay about Organized Crime
In this paper I will discuss and examine the term social institution. I also will explain how it
applies to the world of organized crime, and how they affect the justice system. Finally, I will go over
which empirical and speculative theory applies to organized crime and criminal behavior.
According to " Social Science Dictionary" (2008), “ Social institutions are - Major structural entities in sociocultural systems that address a basic need of the system. Institutions involve fixed modes of behavior backed by strong norms and sanctions that tend to be followed by most members of a society” ( Social Institutions) …show more content…
Now there are two types of social institutions that characterize organized crime, one there is the bureaucratic model which show that there is a structure and hierarchy in place which employs people legally and illegally but it results in put the organization at risk. The other is the patron-client relationship, this is where there is a definitive leader that relies on the family and themselves for many aspects of the day to day within the society.
On top of that there are many different theories that are involved with organized crime but I am going to describe two of them the first is the social control theory. Social control theory is where "Fear of punishment, shame or embarrassment, and psychological restraints such as conscience (described as the "super ego" by Freudian Theory)