Essay about Organized Crime

914 Words Feb 27th, 2012 4 Pages
Social Organized Crime Perspective Paper

CJA 384

In this paper I will discuss and examine the term social institution. I also will explain how it

applies to the world of organized crime, and how they affect the justice system. Finally, I will go over

which empirical and speculative theory applies to organized crime and criminal behavior.

According to " Social Science Dictionary" (2008), “ Social institutions are - Major structural entities in sociocultural systems that address a basic need of the system. Institutions involve fixed modes of behavior backed by strong norms and sanctions that tend to be followed by most members of a society” ( Social Institutions)
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They have ties to people in high places to get thing swept under the rug or they have police on the pay roll, and no one what to hear that, but it is true that not all police are on the straight and narrow. By having their hands in all of these different areas of the government they think that they are untouchable, most of the time they relatively are. Police and other agency have to work extra diligent to get solid evidence to bring these men and women up on charges that will stick to get them convicted. Usually to do that it takes an insiders that works closely with the main players of the group to become an informant for the police.
Now there are two types of social institutions that characterize organized crime, one there is the bureaucratic model which show that there is a structure and hierarchy in place which employs people legally and illegally but it results in put the organization at risk. The other is the patron-client relationship, this is where there is a definitive leader that relies on the family and themselves for many aspects of the day to day within the society.
On top of that there are many different theories that are involved with organized crime but I am going to describe two of them the first is the social control theory. Social control theory is where "Fear of punishment, shame or embarrassment, and psychological restraints such as conscience (described as the "super ego" by Freudian Theory)

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