Obedience And Authority Comparative Critique Essays

1280 Words Oct 15th, 2016 6 Pages
Obedience to Authority Comparative Critique Throughout the history of mankind, obedience to authority has been a controversial subject. In the 1960s, a psychologist by the name of Stanley Milgram tested this subject by creating the “Milgram Experiment”, an experiment where participants, or “teachers”, were told by the “experimenter” to administer a shock to the “learner” if the learner made a mistake. The voltage increased with every wrong answer. After his findings, Milgram concluded that obedience to authority is engrained in all of humans. In 1971, a psychology professor by the name of Philip Zimbardo used the bases of Milgram’s experiment to conduct his own experiment called the “Stanford Prison Experiment”. In this experiment, Zimbardo simulated a prison in the basement of Stanford University and recruited and paid 24 male college students (12 guards and 12 prisoners) to participate in the experiment. Although the experiment was supposed to last for 14 days, it was cut short just after the sixth day due to the psychological effects it had on the students. The guards became cruel and aggressive towards the prisoners forcing them to do demeaning acts as punishment. The prisoners soon became submissive towards the guards and even turned on each other. In his article “Just Do What the Pilot Tells You”, Theodore Dalrymple argues that obedience to authority is a good and necessary part of society and that disobedience is “prosaic and cowardly” (Dalrymple 235). On the…

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